• Cancer Prevention

  • It is now believed that more than 50 percent and possibly up to as many as 85 percent of all cancers could be prevented through healthy lifestyle changes and choices. How you eat, your level of overall fitness, knowledge of your family's medical history and how you handle stress and conflict in your life may all have a bearing on whether or not your body develops cancer.

    While there is no certain way to prevent cancer, doctors have identified several ways to reduce your risk, such as:

    • Stop smoking. Smoking is linked to several types of cancer — not just lung cancer. If you don’t smoke, don’t start, but if you do, stopping now will reduce your risk of cancer in the future.
    • Avoid excessive sun exposure. Harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can increase your risk of skin cancer. Limit your sun exposure by staying in the shade, wearing protective clothing or applying sunscreen.
    • Choose a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, select whole grains, and lean proteins.
    • Regular exercise is linked to a lower risk of cancer. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. If you haven't been exercising regularly, start out slowly and work your way up to 30 minutes or longer.
    • Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese may increase your risk of cancer. Work to achieve and maintain a healthy weight through a combination of a healthy diet and regular exercise.
    • If you choose to drink alcohol, limit yourself to one drink a day if you're a woman or two drinks a day if you're a man.
    • Talk to your doctor about what types of cancer screening exams are best for you based on your risk factors.
    • Ask your doctor about immunizations. Certain viruses increase your risk of cancer. Immunizations may help prevent those viruses, including hepatitis B, which increases the risk of liver cancer, and human papillomavirus (HPV), which increases the risk of cervical cancer and other cancers. Ask your doctor whether immunization against these viruses is appropriate for you.
    • Consider a genetic risk assessment if you have a family history of cancer. 
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